先锋教育学校
Pioneer Education School
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先锋学校学习大纲2013

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先锋学校学习大纲

Pioneer Education School

Curriculum

一、          文化学习:

文化学习内容主要按照先锋教育的理念并针对美国大学的入学要求来制订。学习采用导师制的independent study(独立学习),时间安排上采用Block system(集中学习),既每两个月集中学习1~2门课程。内容见表:

年份

学期

科目

时间(月/日)



I

美国地理  American Geography


美国文学I  American Literature I


美国历史I  American History I


中国文学 Chinese  Literature


当代中国 Modern  China


II

美国文学II  American Literature II


美国历史II  American History


世界历史与地理  World History & Geography


文化与社会  Culture and Society


批判性阅读与写作  Critical Reading & Writing



III

科学与社会  Science and Society


学习学  Studies on Learning


基础经济学 Basic  Economics


哲学  Philosophy


宗教与社会  Religions and Society


注:每个学期按5个月计算。接受1年以上时间指导的学员必须选择以上全部15门课程;接受一年以下(含一年)时间指导的学员,如果尚未高中毕业,可任意选择10门课程,如已经高中毕业,可任选5门课程。


科目

美国地理 American Geography

大纲

This  course will introduce students to the many aspects of Geography and how they  affect various regions of the USA.   Emphasis on cultural and economic geography enables students to  understand the relationship of the physical features of a given region to the  development of customs & traditions of the people in the region.  It will challenge students to understand  humanity’s relationship with the landscape.   Cultural, physical, and economic geography will be explored through reading,  writing, and research projects.

参考资源

1.《美国地理概况》(英汉对照) 辽宁教育出版社美国国务院国际信息局

2.《今日美国》(英文注释)/国家地理科学探索丛书

·          作者:(美)伊斯比Easby,R.)  编,任小池张红春出版社:外语教学与研究出版社


3.《美国自然人文地理》作  者:常俊跃赵秀艳赵永青 主编社:北京大学出版社

4.  http://www.infoplease.com/xwords/states.html

科目

美国文学I  American Literature I

大纲

In this course, students explore the    themes of technology, language, illusion, and independence. Students read    culturally diverse selections, within such differing genres as the essay,    short story, novel, historical writings, and poetry. Through multimedia    presentations, selections provide vocabulary enrichment, textual insights,    and audio readings of excerpts to enhance the learning experience.



Students will develop critical thinking    and writing skills by completing creative projects, and sharing their    thoughts in newsgroups, or one-on-one with the teacher or other students.


参考资源

《美国语文I》(英汉对照)中国妇女出版社马浩岚编译

《新编美国文学选读》西安交通大学出版社李公昭

《美国文学选读》翟士钊主编出版社:河南大学出版社

科目

美国历史I  American History I

大纲

Students follow events and trends in the history of the United  States from the arrival of the indigenous peoples through the end of the  Civil War. American history is presented from multiple perspectives as  recorded by various groups. Students read and hear the words of Native  Americans, Europeans, Euro-Americans, Africans, African Americans, Mexicans,  and Mexican Americans as they describe events and conditions that reshaped  life in the Western Hemisphere. Students will know who have lived in what is  known today as the United States; compare the influences of the indigenous  peoples of North America with those of the European explorers and settlers  that led to the conflicts among the various nations; examine the  establishment of the United States of America, first under the Articles of  Confederation, then the United States Constitution; examine the events  leading up to the Civil War that created the irreconcilable split between the  North and South; and investigate the personal costs of the Civil War,  including its casualties and long-term effects.

参考资源

1.        美国历史概况(上、下册)(英汉对照)美国新闻署编,杨俊峰等      出版社:辽宁教育出版社

2. 美国历史重大事件及著名人物(英汉对照)郝澎编著      出版社:南海出版公司  


科目

中国文学 Chinese Literature

大纲

This  course surveys Chinese literature from a historical perspective that is  marked by antiquity, continuity and constant renewal. The traditional period  includes Chinese mythology, the Confucian classics that have molded the  Chinese national character, and important concepts in Taoism as the basis for  understanding ancient Chinese literature. The contemporary period beginning  in the early 1900’s contrasts the movement from traditional Chinese  literature to the rebirth of a developing literary force. Political  revolution that characterizes modern China is reflected in the texts of  contemporary Chinese literature. Throughout the course, the focus is on  Chinese literature as a perspective on the Chinese culture and the lives of  Chinese people.

The student is  required to:
 1. Explores the historical and cultural forces which shape the literature of China  through performance and/or oral response.
 2. Articulates understanding of Chinese literature through written responses  for a variety of academic purposes and situations.
 3. Accepts the responsibility of a competent communicator.

参考资源

1. 《论语别裁》(上下册)作者:南怀瑾 著述      出版社:人民邮电出版社

2. 《老子他说》作者:南怀瑾 著述      出版社:复旦大学出版社

3. 《鲁迅文集(小说、散文、杂文)全两册  作者:鲁迅 著  

4. 《家》巴金

科目

当代中国 Modern China

大纲

This course is a survey of Chinese history from 1800 to  the present. We will start with an examination of Chinese society and  civilization under the last imperial dynasty, the Qing. We will then examine  China's attempt to transform itself into a republic in 1911 spurred by deep  internal social and cultural changes and by pressure from Western  imperialism. The 1911 revolution, however, did not end China’s search for a  new political and cultural identity. China, in fact, emerged from a bloody  war with Japan (1937-1945) and a devastating civil war (1945-1949), in a new  Communist mode. In October 1949, Mao Zedong, leader of the Chinese Communist  Party, announced the establishment of the People's Republic of China,  addressing the crowd from the front balcony of the old imperial palace.  Today, after the failure of the Cultural Revolution, China is once again  attempting a new transformation. The post-Mao era has been characterized by  extensive economic liberalization and rapid economic development. However, there  are still many political, cultural and economic problems remain unsolved.

参考资源

J. K. Fairbank and  Merle Goldman, China: A New History, Harvard University Press

《毛泽东传》——(美)特里尔、《邓小平传》——(英)伊文思、《他改变了中国——江泽民传》——(美)库恩

Wild Swan by Jung Zhang

科目

世界历史和地理 World History and  Geography

大纲

Each subject is language and activity  intensive and rich with words, ideas, places, people and events that have  shaped and continue to determine our social world. Students study various  historical periods, events and personalities either in depth or by overview.  The course covers a broad sweep of history from early civilizations until  present times. There is a degree of choice in topics covered. This approach  allows students to focus on societies and periods of personal interest.

This course  examines the environmental and cultural patterns of the major world regions.  Critical thinking skills are developed and applied as students examine  demographic and economic data and investigate the causes, effects, and  possible solutions to current international conflicts, problems, and  environmental concerns. Map skills are extended as students use an atlas and  varied types of maps in regional studies, build spatial perceptions, and  develop a mental map of the world. Democratic values and citizenship are  reinforced as students develop an appreciation of the cultural diversity of  the world, learn to work cooperatively with classmates, and build an  appreciation and concern for the environment.

参考资源

1.   《简明世界历史大全》 作者:(英)朱利安·荷兰主编,刘源 出版社:生活.读书.新知三联书店

2.   《世界是平的》作者:(美)托马斯·弗里德曼著,何帆肖莹莹郝正非译  出版社:湖南科技出版社

3.  The New York Public Library Amazing  World Geography: A Book of Answers for Kids》(纽约市立图书馆世界地理)作者:The New YorkPublicLibrary 著出版社:吉林长白山

4.   http://zaohua.myrice.com/

科目

文化与社会 Culture and Society

大纲

This course explores the cultural aspect  of the society in general and how they interact and influence human beings

参考数目

1. 文明与野蛮——文化生活译丛作者:(美)路威著,吕叔湘      出版社:生活.读书.新知三联书店

2. 《文化苦旅》余秋雨

3. 《生活的艺术》、《中国人》林语堂

4.   Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know by E. D. Hirsch,  Jr.

科目

美国文学II  American Literature II

大纲

Students explore American literature    about nature, ethnicity, gender, culture, family, and identity in this    course offered via the Web. The selections offer diverse perspectives in    history, culture, class, geography, age, gender, and sexual orientation.    Literature of various genres (short story, novel, poetry, autobiography,    testimony, nonfiction) guides students to a better understanding of people    of many cultural backgrounds. Students develop critical as well as creative    thinking, writing, and communication strategies and skills as they examine the    literary treatment of human relations in a multicultural society.



Creative and analytical writing projects,    vocabulary terms, newsgroup contributions, and self-guided activities    enhance the learning process.


参考资源

《美国语文II》(英汉对照)中国妇女出版社马浩岚编译

《新编美国文学选读》西安交通大学出版社李公昭


《美国文学选读》翟士钊主编出版社:河南大学出版社

科目

美国历史II American History II

大纲

Students learn about American history from the Civil War's end  through the 1970s. The course is divided into four historical eras, and each  era is divided into five different types of history: political history,  popular history, the history of multicultural peoples, and economic history.  The course's structure allows students to learn about history from a variety  of different viewpoints. A student completing this course will study,  analyze, and be able to explain about places, people, and pivotal events in  post-Civil War America, including the Reconstruction and its effects, the  expansion and conquest of the West, the Industrial Revolution, World War I  and II, The Great Depression, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Cold War.

参考资源

《当代美国概况》上海译文出版社

《美国历史重大事件及著名人物》(英汉对照)作者:郝澎编著  出版社:南海出版公司

科目

批判性阅读与写作 Critical Reading & Writing

大纲

It is an introduction to critical reading & writing which is needed  for the student to make the transition from being a "reader" to  being a "critic" of texts. To that end, we will focus on a number  of theories that explain how we read and write in a cultural context. The  idea is to help the student to understand, even formulate, your own approach  to critically reading and writing.

参考资源

1.       The Generation of Ideas –  A Thematic Reader, 作者:Miller, 北京大学出版社

2.       Reader’s Choice, 〔美〕鲍多因; 世界图书出版公司

3.       http://web.clas.ufl.edu/users/rhatch/pages/02-TeachingResources/readingwriting/

4.       http://www.sussex.ac.uk/langc/skills/conc-det.html

5.       http://essayinfo.com/essays/critical_essay.php

科目

科学与社会 Science and Society

大纲

现代科学以空前的规模和巨大的力量影响着整个社会和人类的智慧,科学知识的社会地位和作用提高得极快,这是本世纪与上世纪的主要区别。科学与社会之间建立了日益紧密和更加多样的联系。科学正在成为社会的重要组成部分,生产科学化和社会科学化的进程迅速发展。现代科学已经成为社会进步的强大杠杆。该课程帮助学生了解科学与社会的各个方面(政治、经济、文化)的相互作用及其产生的影响。

参考资源

1.科学与社会 (平装)

~ 阿尔费罗夫 (作者), 杨秀琴 (注释 解说词), 俞灏东 (注释 解说词), 张兰芬 (译者),  王丽 (译者),  任晓敏 (译者)  

2.《生命的多样性》(The Diversity of Life)

作者:

爱德华·欧·威尔逊(Wilson Edward O)

出版社:

湖南科技

2.《变化无处不在——国家地理学生英语主题阅读训练丛书·英语注释版》

作者:(美)哈尔彭Halpern,M.) 等著,《中学双语报》编辑部  注     出版社:北京大学出版社

3.http://www.ied.edu.hk/has/bio/dlo/introd/english/index.htm

科目

学习学Studies on Learning

大纲

A survey on the new learning theories and  how they can help us with our life-long learning

参考资源

1.《学习的革命:通向21世纪的个人护照(修订版)》 作者:(美国)沃斯、(新西兰)德莱顿著 顾瑞荣等译      出版社:上海三联出版社

2.《人是如何学习的:大脑、心理、经验及学校——21世纪人类学习的革命译丛》作者:(美)布兰思福特编著,程可拉等译   出版社:华东师范大学出版社

3.《学习地图》出版社:中国城市出版社

科目

基础经济学 Basic Economics

大纲

This  course focuses on the study of the free enterprise system, with emphasis on  individual freedom of choice, principles of supply and demand, determination  of price in the market, and the role of profit and capital. Also studied are  such topics as the mixed economy and the impact of inflation, recession, and  monetary policy. In addition to capitalism, the economic components of  socialism and communism are studied.

参考资源

1.  《基础经济学》人民邮电出版社[]大卫.伯格

2. 《大家的经济学》主编:茅于轼  编著:岑科,南方日报出版社2005年8月第一版

3.  《经济解释》作  者:张五常  社:中信出版社

科目

哲学 Philosophy

大纲

A survey on the major philosophies and  philosophers in the world and how they have influenced the thinking of  people.  

参考资源

1. 《经典哲学选读》作  者:(美)DanielKolak著,出社:北京大学出版社

2. 《趣味哲学》上海古籍出版社成云雷

3.《苏格拉底传孔子传》,中共中央党校出版社

4.《毛泽东五篇哲学著作》作  者:毛泽东  社:人民出版社

科目

宗教与社会

大纲

A comparative study of the major  religions in the world and how they shaped the world in the past and present.

参考资源

1.《世界宗教》(第9版) (平装) 刘易斯·霍普菲 (作者), 马克·伍德沃德 (作者) 北京大学出版社

2Bible

3.《古兰经》

4.净空法师著《认识佛教》

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http://www.amazon.cn/

艺术 Art

视觉艺术作为一种独特的语言,具有跨越文化或民族间的距离的优势,因此,艺术门类下的美术课旨在以美术为载体提供探讨思想,分享情感,认识不同文化内涵特质的自由空间。中国美术在中国特有的文化传统中呈现出璀璨的光辉,值得我们耐心认真的去寻索和发现,尤其是作为一个中国人,在西方视角几乎占据主流的时代背景下,如何认识自己的文化艺术,并藉着中国美术、以及中西方美术的对比研究,加深我们对整个中国文化的认知,另一方面也反过来从不同的视角观察西方的艺术及思想,从而使这门课程真正成为一门连接中西文化的桥梁。该课程帮助学生在美术的探讨中培养思考能力和审美鉴别的能力,也培养对艺术的兴趣,以及艺术表现的技法等。

1.《中国美术史》(平装)

~洪再新 (作者)  中国美术学院出版社

2.《西方美术史》

作者:吴永强


出版社:湖南美术出版社


3.《美的历程》

作者:李泽厚

4.《美学散步》

作者  宗白华